The FPS fingerprint format and chemfp toolkit
Journal of Cheminformatics volume 5, Article number: P36 (2013)
During GCC 2010 poster session I presented a draft version of the FPS format for storing dense binary fingerprints. That format is now stable, and supported by RDKit , CACTVS , and other software. The chemfp package is a set of command-line tools and a Python library for fingerprint generation and high-speed Tanimoto search. It can extract pre-computed fingerprints from an SD tag or use OpenEye's OEChem , Open Babel , or RDKit to generate fingerprints. Search uses a combination of careful indexing , CPU-specific instructions (if available), and OpenMP. Nearest-100 similarity searches of PubChem-sized take less than a second on a laptop, and Butina clustering  of 2 million compounds takes about 6 hours on a 15 CPU node. In my poster I present the FPS format and chemfp package, and describe how the memory and performance requirements lead to the internal search architecture.
Swamidass SJ, Baldi P: Bounds and Algorithms for Fast Exact Searches of Chemical Fingerprints in Linear and Sublinear Time. J Chem Inf Model. 2007, 47: 302-317. 10.1021/ci600358f.
Butina D: Unsupervised Data Base Clustering Based on Daylight's Fingerprint and Tanimoto Similarity: A Fast and Automated Way To Cluster Small and Large Data Sets. J Chem Inf Model. 1999, 39: 747-750. 10.1021/ci9803381.
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Dalke, A. The FPS fingerprint format and chemfp toolkit. J Cheminform 5 (Suppl 1), P36 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1186/1758-2946-5-S1-P36
- Similarity Search
- Performance Requirement
- Poster Session
- Draft Version
- Careful Indexing