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Evaluation of molecular model-based discovery of ecto-5’-nucleotidase inhibitors on the basis of X-ray structures

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Ecto-5’-nucleotidase (e5NT) belongs to the family of metallophosphoesterases, hydrolyses AMP to adenosine, and is a regulator of the adenosine signaling pathway [1]. It has been shown, that free adenosine is involved in various diseases and cancer progression [2, 3]. In a previous study, a molecular model of e5NT has been created and used for the identification of new sulfonamide inhibitors [4]. Recently, X-ray structures of human e5NT in complex with different inhibitors were published [5]. This made it possible to reevaluate the model building and virtual screening efforts in detail. An extensive analysis of the comparative e5NT model, built using a bacterial enzyme in the presence of 35% sequence identity as a template, showed that the model was topologically correct and had high accuracy within the active site region. Comparative docking studies were carried out to explore inhibitor binding characteristics within the X-ray structure and the model. The results provided plausible explanations for the successful identification of new e5NT inhibitors by model-based virtual screening and highlighted important parameters [6].

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Correspondence to Norbert Furtmann.

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Keywords

  • Adenosine
  • Virtual Screening
  • Docking Study
  • Site Region
  • Binding Characteristic